Your web browser acts as a gateway to the outside world, but it also serves as a point of entry for malicious software such as viruses and malware. In light of this, it’s crucial that you spend some time securing your preferred browser as much as you can, and we’ll show you how to accomplish so.
The good news is that modern web browsers are made with security in mind, and as long as your browser is up to date, you’re automatically protected against a wide range of issues. Since browser developers like Google, Microsoft, Mozilla, Apple, and others frequently release patches as soon as new security vulnerabilities are found, you shouldn’t ignore browser updates.
By selecting the three dots in the upper right corner of Chrome, followed by Help and About Google Chrome, you may determine whether you are using the most recent version. Click the three dots in the top right corner of Edge, followed by Help and Feedback and About Microsoft Edge. Open the Firefox menu and select About Firefox on a Mac, or click the three lines in the top right corner of Firefox to get Help and About Firefox on Windows. When it comes to Safari, the web browser is of course updated along with macOS; select About This Mac and Software Update from the Apple menu.
Security on Google Chrome
The following Chrome features will examine your browser’s privacy and security settings: You may access them by selecting the three dots in the upper right corner, followed by Settings, Privacy, and Security. The first is the Privacy Guide, which you may access by selecting Get Started (or Privacy Guide further down) and the Safety Check, which you can access by selecting it from the list’s top.
The most crucial security settings in Chrome are covered by both the Privacy Guide and the Safety Check, but you may also access them separately. For the most thorough and proactive security settings, select Security, then Enhanced protection, from Chrome’s Privacy and security page: Although you must share more information with Google in terms of URLs and page content snippets so they may be examined, it is more effective than regular protection at identifying risks beforehand.
The strictest and safest web connection protocols will be used whenever they are available if you enable the options to Always use secure connections and Use secure DNS further down on the Security page. You can enroll in the Google Advanced Protection Program from the same screen if you believe you are particularly vulnerable to targeted assaults; it adds numerous additional levels of security to both the Google Chrome browser and your Google account.
Through Chrome Settings, there are a few additional settings that we recommend you adjust. You may block third-party cookies—the kind that might be able to track you across numerous websites while you browse the internet—by selecting Privacy and security, followed by Cookies and other site data. It’s also good to look into privacy and security before Setting the site: On this screen, you can see which websites presently have access to important information (such your location) and critical computer components (such as your webcam).
Security on Microsoft Edge
By clicking the three dots in the top right corner of Microsoft Edge and selecting Options & Privacy, Search, and Services, you can access the important security settings. You can choose between Basic, Balanced, or Strict blocking of cookies and trackers at the top of the following screen, and the distinctions between each are shown to you on the screen.
You can delete all the data that Edge has been keeping on you under Clear browsing data, and you can also make sure that this data is deleted each time you shut the browser, making it much more difficult for others to find out what you’ve been up to. We advise activating the Microsoft Defender SmartScreen and Block possibly undesirable programs options further down the screen so the program takes a proactive approach to blocking anything suspect.
Turning on the switch next to “Enhance your security on the web” will cause Edge to take more security precautions, including blocking site activity, even if doing so may cause some of the pages you visit to stop functioning properly. You can choose between Balanced and Strict levels, and by choosing Exceptions, you can exempt specific websites from these additional security precautions if you are experiencing major functionality issues with them.
Security on Mozilla Firefox
By selecting Settings from the three horizontal lines in the top right corner of Firefox, the main settings panel can be reached. When you first access Privacy & Security, the page we were most interested in, you’ll see options for protection against intrusive trackers right at the top. The safest setting is Strict, although you might break some website functionality.
You’ll find a lengthy list of possible permissions provided to specific sites further down the page (such as access to the webcam on your computer). To make certain that only the websites you are aware of and approve of have access to the necessary privileges, click Settings next to any of these permissions. Additionally, it’s a good idea to check the boxes labeled Block pop-up windows and Warn you when websites attempt to install add-ons.
To ensure that Firefox adopts the most preventative security measures feasible, we advise turning on all of the features under Security. Choose Block dangerous and misleading information (including phishing and malware-hosting websites), Block risky downloads, and Warn you about unwanted and unusual applications. Any harmful code should then have an extremely tough time circumventing Firefox’s protections.
Enabling HTTPS-Only Mode in all windows will use the most secure connection possible when you connect to a website, and (further up the screen) selecting Delete cookies and site data when Firefox is closed will take care of clearing the cookies and other cached information that websites want to store for you. This will increase your security even further.
Security on Apple Safari
There are several features in Safari that are relevant to privacy and security since Apple takes these issues very seriously. Open the Safari menu and select Privacy Report to view the measures the browser is taking to keep your online browsing secure and personal to only you; you’ll get a complete rundown of both the trackers that were blocked and the websites that housed them.
You can experiment with more settings under Privacy. Prevent cross-site tracking (third-party cookies) and Hide IP address from trackers should be enabled for best security. You can manage which cookies are saved on a site-by-site basis by selecting Manage Website Data. This method of managing cookies requires more time, but it does provide you more freedom.
You may quickly verify whether websites have access to your camera, microphone, current location, and other information by opening the Websites tab of the dialog; you can then delete any websites that you don’t know or that appear dubious. When websites ask for certain rights, you can also modify the default response, but you should never let these permissions be established without your specific consent.