20–25 million Americans, ON THE ESTIMATE OF ONE SOURCE, can trace their origin to Scotland.
Nevertheless, the violent and dramatic history of medieval Scotland is sometimes ignored in favor of the more well-known history of England.
Despite the fact that the first autonomous Scottish kingdom existed during Kenneth MacAlpin's rule in the 840s.
Before King David I conquered the English town of Carlisle with its mint and associated silver mine in 1136, there was no national money.
Prior to it, imported English and European coinage met the small demands of the local economy.
David (Daud mac Mal Choluim), King Malcolm III's youngest son, was born around 1084. Margaret of Wessex, the mother of David, was an English princess.
On May 24, 1153, Malcolm, a grandson of David I, ascended to the throne. He was 12 years old. Prince Henry, Malcolm's actual father, passed away in 1152.
Alexander III lost his father when he was just seven years old. He ruled for 37 years, and the most prevalent medieval Scottish coins are his pennies, which were produced in a wide variety of kinds.